All the satraps, all the powers that have had and have power over men have been and are republics or principalities....
The Prince is a 16th century political treatise by Italian diplomat and political theorist Niccolò Machiavelli.
The Prince is sometimes said to be one of the first works of modern philosophy, especially modern political philosophy, in which effective truth is considered more important than any abstract ideal.
It was also in direct conflict with the dominant Catholic and scholastic doctrines of the time on how to consider politics and ethics.
This is only partly because it was written in vernacular Italian and not in Latin, a practice that had become increasingly popular since the publication of Dante's Divine Comedy and other works of Renaissance literature.